Joint Pain

Joints are ubiquitous in the human body as they are involved in movement of the spine and extremity. Joints play a crucial role in the kinematics of the human body as they are involved with movement and also help in unloading sheer pressure and weight of the body.

What causes joint pain?

There are multiple causes to joint pain, also known as “arthralgia”, which may involve injury to the surrounding ligaments, cartilage, bursa, tendons and bones within the joint. Injury or general wear and tear to the protective ligaments and cartilage of the joint can predispose an individual to osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is often the most common cause of joint pain. This condition is often seen in individuals who have general wear and tear from overuse and also seen in the natural degenerative changes seen with aging. There are other causes of joint pain besides osteoarthritis. Autoimmune conditions such as Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lupus, Psoriatic arthritis, and even sexually transmitted diseases can be culprits of arthritis.

What are the symptoms of joint pain?

  • Joint redness
  • Joint swelling
  • Joint tenderness
  • Loss of range of motion
  • Stiffness

What treatments are available?