Endometriosis is abnormal growth of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus. The inner lining of the uterus is called the endometrium and is composed of endometrial tissue. When this tissue is found outside of the uterus, it is called endometriosis. Endometriosis is most commonly found on other organs of the pelvis.
Evaluating Your Condition
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF ENDOMETRIOSIS RELATED PAIN?
- Pelvic pain that is worse with menstruation or intercourse
- Pain with urination or bowel movements
- Back Pain
- Chronic Fatigue
- Irregular Menstruation
- Blood in urine
HOW IS ENDOMETRIOSIS DIAGNOSED?
If endometriosis is suspected based on history and physical examination, an ultrasound is usually ordered to rule out other problems that may be causing the pain. While ultrasound is very successful in diagnosing certain causes of pelvic pain (ovarian cysts for example), it cannot accurately diagnose endometriosis. The definitive diagnosis of endometriosis is made by surgical laparoscopy, which allows the surgeon to directly visualize the inside of the pelvis and abdomen. During the procedure, the surgeon will visualize and often biopsy the abnormal tissue to obtain the diagnosis.